The Yangtze River Delta, one of the areas with the most concentrated population, the fastest process of urbanization, and the strongest economic vitality in China, has become the biggest urban agglomeration and the engine of China’s economic development. As the “bellwether” of China’s urbanization and modernization, the urbanization and the ecological environment effect caused by urbanization have aroused high attention from all walks of life.
Prof. Xiang Weining, Director of SHUES, itoduces some detail information of the report.
After long-term studies, Shanghai Key Lab for Urban Ecological Resources and Eco-Restoration (SHUES), one of the few domestic institutes studying the ecological process of urbanization in the country, issued the report titled Urbanization & ecological Environment Condition of the Yangtze River Delta on March 21.
The report describes objectively the urbanization, the space landscape pattern, and the ecological environment condition of the Yangtze River Delta. That offers the public and relevant research institutes as well as government sectors comprehensive information of the urban development and ecological environment effect of the Yangtze River Delta.
SHUES has studied the urbanization process and stages of development of the Yangtze River Delta during the 50 years from 1960 to 2011, which has been summed up in three different stages, namely slow development stage from 1960 to 2011, steady development stage form 1979 to 2011, and rapid development stage from 1989 to 2011. In general, the Yangtze River Delta is still in the middle stage of urbanization, gradually entering the stage when the development of big cities leads the role for the common development of big, medium and small cities.
As known to all, rapid economic development can also bring about many “side effects”. According to the report, with the large-scale urbanization and rapid economic development, the Yangtze River Delta’s ecological regulation and self-healing function have greatly decreased due to the speeding up of population growth, industrialization, and urbanization, and that limits the sustainable development of regional economy and society to a certain degree.
The report is issued at the press conference held on March 21.
ECNU is one of the earliest universities that could award doctor’s and master’s degrees in ecology. The ecological discipline ranks third in China and has entered into the global top 1% of ESI discipline ranking according to the updated data of ESI in May, 2012. With the existing research resources of the ecological discipline of ECNU and the power of relevant academies and institutes in Shanghai and the Yangtze River Delta, SHUES is a research center focusing on applied research on urban ecological processes and management, and urban ecological system restoration, surveillance, and risk management.
Written by: Yao Run
Edited by: Liu Jinyu